Professor Emeritus Frank P. Larkins, The University of Melbourne (2018)
The growth in international students enrolling at Australian educational institutions has been a major success story, especially since 2012. From 2002 to 2017 VET has expanded 4.9 times, higher education 2.8 times, ELICOS 2.7 times, non-award 2.1 times with schools only 1.1 times. Overall growth at 2.9 times presents challenges and risks. In 2017 44% of the international students were in higher education, 27% in VET, 19.4% in ELICOS, 6.3% non-award with only 3.2% in schools.
Eight of the twenty nationalities that provided at least one percent of student enrolments in 2017 had a lower proportion of the annual cohort in 2017 compared with 2002. They are all strategically located in our region, - Malaysia, South Korea, Thailand, Indonesia, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore. Four of these nationalities – Indonesia, Hong Kong, Japan and Singapore – actually had fewer students enrolled in Australian educational institutions in 2017 compared with 2002. The narrowing of the demographic diversity of provider nations should be of national concern. The outcome does have significant implications for the strength of Australia’s engagement with our regional neighbours.
New entries into the top 20 student provider nations in 2017 were Nepal, Columbia, Pakistan, Philippines, Italy and Spain displacing the 2002 ranked nations Norway, Bangladesh, United Kingdom, Sweden, Germany and Czech Republic. Five of the six displaced nations were from Europe for a net loss of three. This changed demographic distribution does highlight Australia’s student recruitment reorientation to Asia and the Middle East away from Europe.
At an earlier time, originating with the Colombo Plan, the Federal Government did have a proactive role in sponsoring students from underrepresented strategically important countries in the region. It is timely to again consider such a sponsorship initiative in the context of a broader national discussion for the management of economic, social and political risks associated with demographically unregulated international student enrolments
Narrowing Diversity of International Students Attending Australian Universities Can Compromise Educational Experiences and Regional Engagement
|Internationalization, Deregulation and the Expansion of Higher Education in Korea|
Christopher Green (2015)
The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of internationalization policies in Korean higher education since 1993. Deregulation was a key strategy of Korean governments, but this strategy has led to an increasing oversupply of enrolment capacity. In response, the current government is implementing a system of reregulation to reduce the number of institutions and control admission quotas. Although cross-national comparisons put Korea’s schooling system among the world’s highest performing, deep structural and cultural challenges exist in higher education. The article recommends that future policy development and implementation should focus on three broad areas: 1) strengthening quality assurance; 2) increasing engagement with international bodies and networks; and 3) enforcing regulatory compliance.
|Profiling diversity of Australian universities|
Hamish Coates, Daniel Edwards, Leo Goedegebuure, Marian Thakur, Eva van der Brugge, Frans van Vught (2013)
There is a good deal of consensus that institutional diversity in higher education is a good thing. Simply put, systems with more diverse institutions perform better than systems with less diverse institutions. Yet the overall diversity of Australia’s higher education system remains unclear. Significant questions and opportunities remain unresolved. How diverse are Australia’s institutions today? How can stakeholders— particularly institutions and policymakers—understand and manage this diversity?
|Tertiary education policy in Australia |
Simon Marginson (2013)
While Australia is a relatively high private investor, we are now seeing cuts to public funding without increases in private funding. The international student market, which provides almost one university dollar in every five, has been in the doldrums since 2009. Whether international student income rises or falls, gone are the days when international students could be cranked up by 10-15 per cent to fill the gap in public funding. The Opposition implies a worse outcome, as its reading of the fiscal position is likely to result in large-scale spending reductions in many areas, including higher education.
|Rational deregulation of university fees |
Vin Massaro (2014)
The confusion in people’s minds about what the government is trying to achieve with its higher education reforms and the impact they might have is neatly encapsulated by this conundrum.
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